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Atomemissionsspektrometrie Definition

Atomic
(a.) Alt. of Atomical
Emission
(n.) The act of sending or throwing out
Emission
(n.) That which is sent out, issued, or put in circulation at one time

atomic emission spectrometry Bedeutung

spectroscopy
spectrometry
spectroscopic analysis
spectrum analysis
spectrographic analysis
the use of spectroscopes to analyze spectra
positron emission tomography
PET
using a computerized radiographic technique to examine the metabolic activity in various tissues (especially in the brain)
emission
emanation
the act of emitting, causing to flow forth
atom bomb
atomic bomb
A-bomb
fission bomb
plutonium bomb
a nuclear weapon in which enormous energy is released by nuclear fission (splitting the nuclei of a heavy element like uranium or plutonium )
atomic clock a timepiece that derives its time scale from the vibration of atoms or molecules
atomic cocktail an oral dose of radioactive substance used in treatment and diagnosis of cancer
atomic pile
atomic reactor
pile
chain reactor
a nuclear reactor that uses controlled nuclear fission to generate energy
atomic warhead
nuclear warhead
thermonuclear warhead
nuke
the warhead of a missile designed to deliver an atom bomb
field-emission microscope electron microscope used to observe the surface structure of a solid
nuclear weapon
atomic weapon
a weapon of mass destruction whose explosive power derives from a nuclear reaction
positron emission tomography scanner
PET scanner
a tomograph that produces cross-sectional Xays of metabolic processes in the body
atomic mass
atomic weight
relative atomic mass
(chemistry) the mass of an atom of a chemical element expressed in atomic mass units
nuclear physics
atomic physics
nucleonics
the branch of physics that studies the internal structure of atomic nuclei
atomism
atomic theory
atomist theory
atomistic theory
(chemistry) any theory in which all matter is composed of tiny discrete finite indivisible indestructible particles, the ancient Greek philosophers Democritus and Epicurus held atomic theories of the universe
atomic theory a theory of the structure of the atom
nuclear explosion
atomic explosion
the explosion of an atomic bomb
emission the occurrence of a flow of water (as from a pipe)
Atomic Energy Commission
AEC
a former executive agency (from to ) that was responsible for research into atomic energy and its peacetime uses in the United States
International Atomic Energy Agency
IAEA
the United Nations agency concerned with atomic energy
atomic energy
nuclear energy
the energy released by a nuclear reaction
atomic power
nuclear power
nuclear energy regarded as a source of electricity for the power grid (for civilian use)
atomic spectrum (physics) a spectrum of radiation caused by electron transitions within an atom, the series of spectrum lines is characteristic of the element
emission spectrum spectrum of electromagnetic radiation emitted by a self-luminous source
infrared
infrared light
infrared radiation
infrared emission
electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths longer than visible light but shorter than radio waves
radio wave
radio emission
radio radiation
an electromagnetic wave with a wavelength between . cm to , m
discharge
emission expelling
any of several bodily processes by which substances go out of the body, the discharge of pus
emission the release of electrons from parent atoms
field emission the emission of electrons that are stripped from parent atoms by a high electric field
nocturnal emission ejaculation during sleep (usually during a dream)
photoelectric emission the release or absorption of quanta above a certain energy level
secondary emission the emission of electrons from a surface that is bombarded by higher energy primary electrons
thermionic emission
thermal emission
the emission of electrons from very hot substances
atomic number the order of an element in Mendeleyev's table of the elements, equal to the number of protons in the nucleus or electrons in the neutral state of an atom of an element
atomic mass unit unit of mass for expressing masses of atoms or molecules
gram atom
gram-atomic weight
the quantity of an element whose weight in grams is numerically equal to the atomic weight of the element
actinium
Ac
atomic number
a radioactive element of the actinide series, found in uranium ores
aluminum
aluminium
Al
atomic number
a silvery ductile metallic element found primarily in bauxite
americium
Am
atomic number
a radioactive transuranic metallic element, discovered by bombarding uranium with helium atoms
antimony
Sb
atomic number
a metallic element having four allotropic forms, used in a wide variety of alloys, found in stibnite
argon
Ar
atomic number
a colorless and odorless inert gas, one of the six inert gases, comprises approximately % of the earth's atmosphere
arsenic
As
atomic number
a very poisonous metallic element that has three allotropic forms, arsenic and arsenic compounds are used as herbicides and insecticides and various alloys, found in arsenopyrite and orpiment and realgar
astatine
At
atomic number
a highly unstable radioactive element (the heaviest of the halogen series), a decay product of uranium and thorium
barium
Ba
atomic number
a soft silvery metallic element of the alkali earth group, found in barite
berkelium
Bk
atomic number
a radioactive transuranic element, discovered by bombarding americium with helium
beryllium
Be
glucinium
atomic number
a light strong brittle grey toxic bivalent metallic element
bismuth
Bi
atomic number
a heavy brittle diamagnetic trivalent metallic element (resembles arsenic and antimony chemically), usually recovered as a by-product from ores of other metals
bohrium
Bh
element
atomic number
a transuranic element
boron
B
atomic number
a trivalent metalloid element, occurs both in a hard black crystal and in the form of a yellow or brown powder
bromine
Br
atomic number
a nonmetallic heavy volatile corrosive dark brown liquid element belonging to the halogens, found in sea water
cadmium
Cd
atomic number
a soft bluish-white ductile malleable toxic bivalent metallic element, occurs in association with zinc ores
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Die Atomemissionsspektrometrie , oft auch optische Emissionsspektrometrie oder Flammenspektroskopie genannt, ist eine Methode der Atomspektroskopie. Sie wird zur quantitativen und qualitativen Analyse von festen, flüssigen und gasförmigen Proben eingesetzt. Die Methode basiert darauf, dass angeregte Atome eine für das chemische Element charakteristische elektromagnetische Strahlung aussenden und somit Informationen über die Zusammensetzung der Probe liefern. Die Anregung der Atome erfolgt über eine externe Energiezufuhr, z. B. über eine Flamme, einen Lichtbogen, einen Funken oder ein induktiv gekoppeltes Plasma , und der Überführung in den Plasmazustand.

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